All about wooden flooring

Well informed people are happy people.
That's why we will tell you all there is to know about wooden flooring in general and about the beautiful Lalegno floors in particular. You will not only discover our fine collections and finishes, but also all practical and technical information about wood is explained in full detail.

Bamboo flooring

In the era of green building bamboo has become a major player in the world of wooden floors. That is because it is an incredibly durable, versatile, sturdy and price competitive type of flooring. Bamboo has become the eco-friendly choice for a lot of people who are building or renovating from an environmentally conscious and future-oriented viewpoint.

What exactly is bamboo?

What makes bamboo unique and attractive as a flooring option is its durability. Although bamboo flooring has the look & feel and many of the characteristics of hardwood, bamboo is actually a perennial evergreen plant belonging to the family of grasses. Bamboo, grown mainly in South and East Asia, is a highly renewable natural resource because it is one of the fastest growing plants on earth. Bamboo reaches its mature height in as little as three to seven years. Moreover, it is a relatively strong and easily maintained plant, which is harvested without destroying the root, which means that it doesn’t need to be re-planted every time.

Bamboo floors are also very popular because they give a beautiful look to any space and can be adapted to any style. Bamboo can be finished in many colours or be left completely natural, according to the buyer's taste. The options are almost endless.

How are bamboo floors made?

At the start of the production of our multi-layer bamboo flooring the outside and the green shoots are removed from the bamboo stalk. Then the stalks are cut into strips having the same length as the final floor covering. The bamboo strips are then washed in hot water. During this purification process, all insects, sugars and starches are removed from the strips. Sometimes bamboo is also steamed under high pressure, to give it a darker colour. That aspect of the production will be discussed later. Next, the bamboo strips are sorted according to quality and dried in the oven. Afterwards, the strips are mounted horizontally or vertically, glued and pressed together under high pressure until they attain the strength and durability that makes bamboo flooring so popular. The compressed bamboo block is finally cut into top layers, with the perfect size for our floors and featuring smooth, flat sides that ensure an easy and beautiful installation.

The above-mentioned process does not actually apply to all types of bamboo flooring, but is only applicable to the so-called vertically and horizontally pressed bamboo flooring. There is a third type, the strand woven or compressed bamboo flooring. For this, a different construction method is followed.

Three production methods for bamboo flooring

During the bonding, bamboo flooring is processed in three unique styles, each with its own character. Choosing a specific type of construction is actually a decorative choice, but per method there are still differences in durability and hardness. So it may be useful to consider these options in more depth.

For the horizontal construction bamboo strips are mounted in three layers on top of each other and then pressed together. This creates the traditional look with the "knuckles" or nodes, similar to the natural look of bamboo grass.

For the vertical construction bamboo strips are turned sideways and then put together. Then they are glued and pressed together. Vertical boards have a more linear feel and a designer look.

The construction of strand woven or compressed bamboo flooring differs considerably from both previous procedures. Instead of bonding the bamboo strips, the fibre strands of the bamboo are pulled apart, and then compressed again under intense pressure. The look of compressed bamboo flooring is totally different than that of traditional pressed bamboo and allows to create very beautiful, exotic-looking floors in many beautiful colours.

Both bamboo floors with horizontal and vertical construction are highly resistant to the hectic everyday life and suited to commercial applications. Yet it is the third production method, the strand woven bamboo flooring, which is considered as the most durable option, due to the strong force with which the fibres are pressed together.

Bamboo floors allow for beautiful finishes

There are countless possibilities for finishing bamboo flooring. A number of techniques are used to make bamboo flooring into wonderful products with a very nice finish. Basically there are three main ways to colour bamboo flooring.

Natural bamboo – After washing the bamboo strips, no further treatment is applied more to finish the flooring. Thus the natural colour of the bamboo emerges. It is a light - almost blonde - wood colour. The strips are then compressed according to any one of the aforementioned methods of construction.

Carbonized bamboo – In order to carbonize bamboo strips, they are steamed under high pressure immediately after the purification process. In the steam room carbon is added. Therefore the bamboo strips get a darker colour, not just on the surface, but all the way through. The colour of carbonized bamboo varies from honey or caramel to coffee with a dash of milk.

Coloured bamboo – Bamboo boards can be stained in a wide spectrum of colours. That happens quite often after installing the floor. Of course, stained floors are not coloured in depth, but just provided with a colour coating, so that the staining process has to be repeated after a period of time.